What are human rights in theory; what are human rights in practice.
ABOUT THE PROJECT
The objective of the project is to develop protection for human rights and support democratic processes by working together with local civil society leaders, universities and other schools in Tajik society and by training people who work with locals. The programme, adapted to local conditions, will increase human rights awareness among third-sector partners and the citizenry and take steps to promote and protect human rights.
By working with younger people (NGO members, university and upper secondary school students), the project will encourage the target group to imagine society as one where individuals can draw on human rights for support and put modern information society to work for them in contributing to the development of society. The project activities will take place in 2016-2017.
HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN TAJIKISTAN
The human rights situation in Tajikistan has been assessed as quite poor, with the biggest problems related to human trafficking and violence against women as well as freedom of speech and expression.
After gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, a civil war broke out, leading to a spike in poverty and emigration, and a growing number of prisoners of war. As Tajikistan borders Afghanistan, the country has many temporary NATO and Russian air and land troops bases used to support operations in Afghanistan. The developments in neighbouring country have an impact on the local population.
The presidential republic is characterized by growing corruption and rule by a single president since 1994. Criticizing the government is punishable and there are practically no opposition forces. There are strong curbs on freedom of speech and expression, and a number of international websites (such as YouTube) are partly blocked. Media outlets are under state control.
The situation facing women in Tajikistan is quite poor, with the greatest problems concerning violence against women. This is a source country for human trafficking, and the victims are mainly women.
Officially, Tajikistan is a secular state, where most inhabitants identify themselves as Muslim. Many religious sects are restricted (or prohibited) and often representatives of the sects fall victim to persecution.
The country has also been criticized for the poor condition of its prisons and the large number of political prisoners who lack guarantees for their human rights. Torture is used in prisons, including against those who have not officially been convicted and are still waiting the verdict.
Tajikistan received 16 out of a total 100 points in the Freedom in the World index (in comparison, Estonia scored 94). The index rated the state of human rights and civil liberties in Tajikistan as very poor and the country falls into the “not free” category.
WHAT IS DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION
Development cooperation is a general term that includes both financial aid aimed at developing countries as well as know-how (technical assistance) and material assistance. Development cooperation is implemented in bilateral and multilateral cooperation formats.Read more